Vayikra – structure

One of the best ways to study sefer Vayikra is through its structure.  R. Menachem Liebtag has one of the best commentaries on all of chumash out on the web www.tanach.org.  His entry on parashat Vayikra is but one model of how he writes.  Here is the basic outline with which to understand this week's parashah – see http://tanach.org/vayikra/vayik/vayiks2.htm for Reb Menachem on this week. 

There are many question that this outline raises –

  • Why put the individual first?
  • Why put voluntary before obligatory?
  • What questions do you have about this parashah or book?

Parashat Vayikra – The Korban Yachid (individual) 

I. Korban Ndava – Voluntary (chapters 1 – 3)         

A. Olah – animal (completely consumed on the altar)                   

1. Bakar – cattle (1: 1 – 9)                  

2. Tzon – sheep (1: 10 – 13)                  

3. Of – fowl (1: 14 – 17)         

B. Mincha – grain (completely consumed)                  

1. Solet – plain flour mixed with oil and levonah (2: 1 – 3)                  

2. Ma’feh Tanur – baked in the oven (2:4)                                  

3. Al machavat – on a griddle (2:5 – 6)                  

4. Marcheshet – on a pan (2: 7 – 13)                  

5. Bikurim– from the first narvest (2:14 – 16)         

C. Shlamim – animal (eaten partly by owner)                  

1. Bakar – cattle (3: 1- 5)                  

2. Tzon – sheep (3: 6 – 11)                  

 3. Ayz – goats (3: 12 – 17)

II. Korban Chova – Obligatory (chapters 4 – 5)         

A. Chatat                   

1. General Transgression – organized by violator                            

a. High Priest (4: 1 – 12)                            

b. Court (4: 13 – 21)                            

c. Prince (4: 22 – 26)                            

d. Layman (4: 27 – 35)                  

2. Specific Transgression Oleh vyored                            

a. Rich person – female goat or lamb (5: 1 – 6)                            

b. A Poor person – two birds (5: 7 – 10)                            

c. Very poor – plain flour (5: 11 – 13)         

B. Asham – always an ayil (ram)                  

1. Asham Meilot – taking from Temple property (5: 14 – 16)                  

2. Asham Talui – unsure if sinned (5: 17 – 19)                  

3. Asham Gzeilot – stealing from another (5: 20 – 26)

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